Native to North America (from Alaska to California), Western sword fern gets its name from its elongated blade-like fronds. Fronds are about 10-25cm long. Hares foot fern (Davallia solida) is a delightful fern which features above-ground prostrate stems that, as the name suggests have a soft, furry covering. Deciduous, 20-70 cm long, fronds are narrow and 2-3 pinnate, with the lowermost pinnae about the same length as adjacent pinnae. Wetland designation: FAC+, Facultative, it is equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. Growth: This species grows 4-30 inches (10-75 cm) tall. Classes | In the Landscape: Western Sword Fern is the most widespread and versatile of all our native ferns. It also produced bulblets, but differs from P. andersonii in its completely divided pinnae (leaflets). Lacy maidenhair ferns and silvery painted ferns are summer delicacies. The rhizomes were peeled and then boiled or baked in a pit on hot rocks covered with fronds. It is once pinnate with spiny leaflets; resembling a miniature Sword Fern. Ferns for Cool Climates There are a number of Australian native fern species which are relatively easy to grow outdoors in cool climate areas. Hours. Short leaflets are oval to triangular, overlapping and twisted; with teeth tipped with spines. All in person WNPS events are now limited by the Phase guidelines of each county in the State of Washington. Western Sword Fern is also known as Sword Holly Fern, Giant Holly Fern, Christmas Fern, Pineland Sword Fern, or Chamisso’s Shield Fern. Banksia (Banksias) 3. California Sword Fern, P. californicum, has finely toothed leaflets rather than the prominently toothed leaflets in Western Sword Fern; each tooth is short, ending abruptly. The largest and most statuesque of our native ferns, the leathery, arching fronds growing 4-6 feet in length! Some cultivated varieties are available. Spicant means spiked referring to the erect fertile fronds. It is also known as A. distentifolium var. Use by wildlife:  Deer fern provides valuable forage for deer, Mountain Goat, Bighorn Sheep, elk, moose, and caribou. This fern … Northern Holly Fern, P. lonchitis, grows in mountains, often in rock crevices, throughout much of the northern hemisphere. Others, like Asplenium trichomanes: Spleenwort and Cryptogramma crispa: Parsley Fern have tiny fronds that are by contrast quite leathery in texture. Oblong sori are found on the edges of the upper lobes of the leaflets and are covered by inrolled leaf margins (false indusia). Sphaeropteris cooperi (was Cyathea cooperi) (rough tree fern) can grow up to 10m tall, and is mostly found in fertile, moist soil along streams.A garden escape, found in a few areas between Perth and Albany. The fronds are also brittle, so place it in an area that is rarely disturbed. It grows to 15 to 16 feet high (4.5 to 5 m), but the largest type can grow to 49 feet (15 m). Washington State has a variety of ferns commonly found growing throughout the state, according to the Washington Native Plant Society. Welcome to Ferns of Western Australia. List of Western Australia plants from Australian Native Plants Nursery including Acacia aphylla, None, Acacia denticulosa, Agonis flexuosa Burgundy, Burgundy, Anigozanthos 'Amber Velvet', Kangaroo Paw, … Washington Native Plant Society. Relationships:  Ostrich Fern is the only species in the genus Matteuccia. The erect or ascending rhizome often produces offshoots, which may be divided. Fronds are feather-shaped, 20-60 cm. The lowest pinnae pair are usually longer, triangular and asymmetrical. It has a conspicuously chaffy fiddlehead and leaf stalk. When grown in the sun, the fronds are dwarfed and more erect; and have pinnae (leaflets) that are crisped and crowded so that they overlap and appear overlapping. aleuticum. Ferns are an ancient type of plant. A "native" plant on this list is one considered indigenous to our region (WA, OR, ID, BC) prior to the arrival of white settlers. 12001 Main St., Bellevue, WA 98005 425-452-2750 USDA Zone 8b ... and six raised beds for fern display. The leaves were used to cover camas while baking, to cover berry baskets and to wipe fish. Habitat: It grows in moist to wet forests, meadows and streambanks. Look up a specific native plant. Ferns Adiantum aleuticum - Maidenhair Fern Height: 60 cm Hardiness: Zone 3b Exposure: Full-Partial s hade Soil: Moist-Wet Native Range: Canada: BC and AB US: AK, AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, NV, OR, UT, WA and WY Hardy, yet delicate looking deciduous fern with liquorice (This plant probably should only be consumed in small quantities, if at all, due to possible presence of carcinogens or other toxins.) Despite its name, it is not usually found in association with oaks, preferring mixed coniferous forests. The once-pinnate leaflets on the fertile fronds are much narrower and roll almost tube-like around the continuous sori. It may be able find a niche in a cool, moist woodland garden. Portland Nursery on Stark G. dryopteris is listed as endangered, threatened or vulnerable in Illinois, Maryland, Iowa, Ohio, Rhode Island, and New York. It should be possible to subdivide plants by carefully severing a piece of the underground stem and firming the remainder back into its spot. It is also known as Marginal Wood Fern, or Western Shield Fern. But the gardener should make sure this charmer gets planted in a shady place with plenty of moisture. In the Landscape: Oak Ferns make a nice groundcover in a woodland garden; their lush, bright green fronds brighten a dark forest floor. Diagnostic Characters: Deciduous fronds are usually clustered and erect to wide-spreading. Growth: Western Sword Fern grows up to 4.5 feet (1.5m) tall. Most can take more sun than their woodland relations, and all require excellent drainage. Use by Wildlife: Spreading Wood Fern is eaten in small amounts by Blue Grouse and Mountain Goats. Bulblets form at the base of pinnae near the tip and may grow into a new plant when the frond touches the ground! Vertical Plant / Fern Stand. In the Landscape:  Hitchcock writes: Deer Fern “is a truly choice fern usable in many places in the garden, but so common as to have little appeal to most gardeners.”  That said, it is one of the best native ferns for landscapes, second only to Sword Fern. The fronds were also used to line pits for baking camas (along with Sword Fern) and have been used for bedding. The leaves were used medicinally on skin sores, which is said to have been learned by watching deer rub their antler stubs in this plant. In the Landscape:  Maidenhair Ferns are prized by gardeners for their delicate, airy fronds. Habitat: Ostrich Fern is hardy to extreme cold and is most often found in lowland or montane alluvial forests, riverbanks and sandbars. There are many benefits in growing native plants. Search Native Plants Directory. Small and tufted, these ferns that nestle in crevices in and among rocks grow only about 4-6" in height. The root has been used to treat internal parasites, such as tape worms. The deciduous fronds are broadly triangular, 2-3 pinnate and hairless. Ostrich Fern spreads by underground rhizomes to form new crowns and often grows in dense colonies, resistant to destruction by floodwaters. Ferns and fern allies belong in a division of the plant kingdom called Pteridophyta, and there are about 10,000 species throughout the world. Kruckeberg’s Holly Fern, P. kruckebergii is believed to be a fertile hybrid of P. lonchitis & P. lemmonii. Vigorous when its needs are met, languishes in dry conditions. A common sight in northwest woods, Sword Fern will populate bare spaces in the landscape. Oak Fern and Vanilla Leaf on a forest floor. Deciduous and a must-have for the shade garden. Quillworts. Thank you for your interest in the Whatcom CD Native Plant Sale and for your commitment to using native plants! This genus spans the globe from the southern-most fern species, B. penna-marina, from Cape Horn to arctic regions in Iceland and Norway. Native Plant Descriptions. Northern maidenhair fern is a deciduous, clump-forming, native fern which typically grows 1' to 2' tall and is most frequently found on rich wooded slopes, ravine bottoms, and damp shady woods. Mature size: 2-3' tall and wide Diagnostic Characters: Deer fern has two types of fronds: narrow, evergreen, once-pinnate (or deeply lobed), sterile leaves spread outward, growing 10-80 cm long; even narrower, taller (1-3 feet), fertile fronds grow erect, from the center, soon withering after spore dispersal. Varieties currently in stock are subject to change, so please call for current availability. Featuring plants native to Western Washington and native plant gardening tips : Find a Native Plant. The fronds may be used as nesting material for rodents. Braun’s Holly Fern, P. braunii, is big (to 1m) and has twice pinnate leaves with no basal lobes. Premium Greens Australia: we source, harvest, supply and export unique Australian Native Foliage & Flowers to the florist industry worldwide. Western Sword Fern is also known as Sword Holly Fern, Giant Holly Fern, Christmas Fern, Pineland Sword Fern, or Chamisso’s Shield Fern. They are adapted to our wet winters and dry summers, unlike most non-native plants. Perhaps the most elegant of the native woodland ferns, with wire-thin dark brown to purplish-black stems rising 12-18” tall, topped with a flattened “palm” of delicate fronds. Pounded roots were applied to cuts. Struthio is the ostrich genus; pteris means fern— the fronds resemble ostrich feathers. Though they prefer damp … Deer Fern has also been used as a houseplant. They can be propagated by division. Native Ferns Ferns can serve as the backbone of a shade garden by creating a beautiful setting for a variety of woodland wildflowers. Some ferns will do very well in a bright bathroom with the higher humidity. The majestic Sword Fern is one of first images that come to mind when someone says “Northwest native plant.” Anyone who has stepped out on one of our forest trails or visited a wooded park will immediately recognize it. Filters. I t’s so easy to think that nothing is living or growing under the snow, but all you need is a January thaw and a stroll in the woods to see that there are plants that have not given in to the onslaught of cold and snow. From $4.05 Licorice Fern is the soft, green fern … It features finely-textured, somewhat frilly fronds which have curved stalks and are palmately-divided (i.e., fronds divide into finger-like projections). Distribution: It is found in many of the temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. The leaves were also chewed for internal wounds, chest pain, or stomach trouble. These plants are all indigenous, and they … Phone numbers, addresses and office locations for Sonters Fern … Now, when the garden is still leafless, it’s all about evergreen ferns, and plenty of them thrive here in the Northwest. Use by Wildlife: Grizzly Bear and Elk have been observed eating Oak Fern. Fronds grow to 1 meter. Use by People: The fiddleheads are sometimes eaten raw, or cooked, most notably in Japan; the flavor is sometimes compared to asparagus. It is only known from one site in B.C. Perhaps the most distinctive of our native woodlanders, with its basal clump of spreading fronds and an upward growing clump of fertile fronds, the new growth with reddish mid ribs contrasting with the light green blades of the fronds. It is more common from southern Oregon and California to northwest Mexico, mostly near the coast, but can also be found inland in Arizona and Nevada. Leaf stalks are a dark, purplish-brown, and grow from a short, thick rhizome. Microsorum pustulatum, Microsorum diversifolium - kangaroo fern DESCRIPTION: Large-leaved native fern, starts out entire and then divides into glossy lobed leaves as it grows. R, W, C, Cat. It is a better choice for a sunny spot. For a more complete list, see our Northwest Native Plant List. 360 435 9473. The fronds were used frequently for lining baking pits and storage baskets; and were spread on drying racks to prevent berries from sticking. Wetland designation: FAC, Facultative, it is equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. Distribution of Western Oak Fern from USDA Plants Database, Distribution of Pacific Oak Fern from USDA Plants Database. Phone: 503.788.9000 Names:  Dryo- comes from a Greek word meaning tree, or more specifically oak—the same root as is found in the words dryad and druid. Evergreen or deciduous, they are virtually disease and pest-free, and can provide a range of textures and heights and help create an elegant shade garden collage. Your subscription gives you an instant 25% off your entire pottery purchase! FIVE-FINGERED FERN … Spore cases are rounded, on the undersides of pinnae. Western Maidenhair Fern Maidenhair Fern family—Pteridaceae Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) Ferns are mainly native to the tropical and sub-tropical rain forests so clearly they do not need direct sunlight to thrive properly. Aleuticum is derived from the Aleutian Islands. This fern is prone to over watering or … Click on a link below to get started. Propagation: Division of clumps or of rhizome is easier is the easiest and quickest way to get mature pants. Coastal Wood Fern, Dryopteris arguta, is more common in California and western Oregon but can be found in a few locales northwards to areas surrounding Vancouver, B.C. Young ferns are also more frilly-looking. Sturdy evergreen fronds that eventually form a clump 3-4’ tall and wide, forming... Polypodium glycyrrhiza: Licorice Fern. Pedatum means foot-like (usually a bird’s), referring to its fan-shaped fronds. FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Microsorum – Kangaroo fern. Western Maidenhair Fern            Maidenhair Fern family—Pteridaceae. But since our ferns have such diverse habitat preferences, it is best that they be dealt with one at a time. It is often used for cut flower arrangements. 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