In addition to multi-use perennial grasslands, some farmers in Africa ratoon annual crops to extend their production. 1. A perennial plant that can survive for thirty years and above is called permanent crop e.g. Contour Crops: Crops are grown on or along the contour line to protect the land from soil erosion e.g. Ratooning is the cultural practice of cutting crops near their crown after a first harvest of grain or animal fodder. Evergreen vs. deciduous: Do you want a plant that stays green all year or one that Catch/Contingent Crops: Such crops are cultivated to catch the forthcoming season when main crop is failed e.g. List the factors responsible for the pattern of crop distribution 5. The climate is very tropical, characterized by two distinct seasons: the dry season is during the winter months and the wet season lasts from April to October. Cash crops are also known as industrial or export crops. Linseed, toria, urd, moong, cowpea etc. Most are perennials, but in a field production setting they are managed as annuals (local determination will be required) Disclaimer: This listing is provided for producers to determine if the crops they grow are considered annual or perennial for conservation compliance purposes. When growing artichokes as perennials, amend the soil around plants each spring with a 1- to 2-inch layer of compost. List the geographical distribution of crops in Nigeria 4. These crops are classified in to two groups. CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS Perennial plants are usually easier to maintain than annual vegetable crops and, once planted, perennials provide a place of beauty and interest for years to come. This permits the crops to grow back to … cocoa, kola, mango, oil palm, rubber, coconut, etc. marvels grass etc. Harvest perennial artichokes in spring, with a … As an example, discover how 2017 grantee Bertrand Farm used their $4,991 grant to establish a 500-foot-long perennial food project. Nigeria is a country in Africa located on the Gulf of Guinea. 9. State the uses of crop and their by-products. 2. i) Herbaceous: Herbaceous perennials are those with more or less soft succulent stems. 10. Explain the meaning of the terms , annuals, biennials, perennials, arable and non-arable crops 3. 33% of the land area in Nigeria is used for cultivation of crops and two-thirds of the local crop production is contributed by small farms. Africa and Nigeria in particular can key into the use of perennial crops so as not to be left out when the fossil fuels are depleted. There are many considerations to take into account when selecting perennials: ! Nigeria's climate is suitable for many different ornamental plants. Cover Crops: Since this can lead to reduction of the amounts of emitted CO 2 by replacement of fossil fuels with biogas in vehicles and for production of electricity and heating [5]. These eight perennial crops can get you well on your way to establishing a year-round food forest of your own. Overall, crop breeding and historic selection processes have favoured annuals, yet there are still vestiges of perennial crop growth habits in annualized crops, as exemplified by ratooned rice, sorghum and pigeon pea (Kane et al., 2016; Van Tassel et al., 2010). These farmers use simple production techniques and produce food crops which are either for home consumption or for sale. Shallots Prized in French cuisine, shallots form more bulbs under the soil, just like garlic. 8. In areas where globe artichokes are marginally hardy, cut back the plant in fall and cover with a 6-inch-thick layer of straw. 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