The female can conceive again two weeks to four months after the birth. [44], The chital is listed by the IUCN as being of least concern "because it occurs over a very wide range within which there are many large populations". Search chital and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. They fall asleep a few hours before sunrise, typically in the forest which is cooler than the glades. Chital Meaning in Hindi: Find the definition of Chital in Hindi. It is sometimes known as the Indian featherback/knifefish. Showing page 1. [25], Individuals may occasionally bite one another. Translation for 'chital' in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations. Males have well-developed preorbital glands (near the eyes). Sparring between males begins with the larger male displaying his dominance before the other; this display consists of hissing heading away from the other male with the tail facing him, the nose pointing to the ground, the ears down, the antlers upright, and the upper lip raised. cheetal, cheetul; Noun chital (pl. The brow tine (the first division in the antler) is roughly perpendicular to the beam (the central stalk of the antler). [8] In 1827, English naturalist Charles Hamilton Smith placed the chital in its own subgenus Axis under the genus Cervus. List all shorter English words in chital. The following cladogram is based on the 2004 phylogenetic study:[12], Cervus, fallow deer (Dama dama), Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus), Hyelaphus and Rusa, Fossils of extinct Axis species dating back to the Early to Middle Pliocene are known from central to southern Asia from Iran in the east to Indochina in the west. [6] Variations of "chital" include "cheetal" and "cheetul". [10] In the past Hyelaphus – comprising the Bawean deer (H. kuhli), the Calamian deer (H. calamianensis ), and the hog deer (H. porcinus) – was considered a subgenus of Axis. [1], The chital has been introduced to Andaman Islands, Australia, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, the Point Reyes National Seashore in California, Texas, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, and Hawaii in the United States, and to the Veliki Brijun Island in the Brijuni Archipelago of the Istrian Peninsula in Croatia. Learn more about the word "chital", its origin, alternative forms, and usage from Wiktionary. [17] It also has well-developed metatarsal glands and pedal glands located in its hind legs. [23], Hooves measure between 4.1 and 6.1 cm (1.6 and 2.4 in) in length; hooves of the fore legs are longer than those of the hind legs. French Translation for chital - dict.cc English-French Dictionary In the past it frequently included several related Chitala species, but these are now regarded as separate species. Portuguese Translation for Chital - dict.cc English-Portuguese Dictionary Its spotted coat is reddish brown above and The national tree of Pakistan, Deodar and other famous species including Kail, Spruce and Walnut are being found in relatively cold climate areas of Swat, Chital, Kohistan, Dir, Gilgit Baltistan and AJK whereas Punjab and KP are the epicenters of native Shisham, Siris, Pipal, Bakin, Amaltas, Willow, Poplar, Mulberry, Phulai, Alstona, Kachnar, Bottle Brush, Gul e Nashtar and Jaman. [16] The chital has well-developed preorbital glands (near the eyes) which have stiff hairs. [25] These deer typically move in a single file on specific tracks, with a distance of two to three times their width between them, when on a journey, typically in search of food and water sources. The biggest distinction is the dark brown stripe running down the chital's back. Did you know? Chital fish is available in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Malay, Laos, Thailand and some other Asian countries. Grubb, P. 2005. Fawns in search of their mother often squeal. [14] The dental formula is 0.1.3.33.1.3.3, same as the elk. They can also be found on Rab Island, and the population on the two islands amounts to some 200 individuals. Similarly, rutting males leave their herds during the mating season, hence altering the herd composition. Chital, (Cervus axis, sometimes Axis axis), Asiatic deer, belonging to the family Cervidae (order Artiodactyla). [17][25], The chital is found in large numbers in dense deciduous or semievergreen forests and open grasslands. Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers:: chital … Hunting for the deer's meat has caused substantial declines and local extinctions. [17], Marking behaviour is pronounced in males. [27], Grazers as well as browsers, the chital mainly feed on grasses throughout the year. [17], The newborn is hidden for a week after birth, a period much shorter than most other deer. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar. [25], Breeding takes place throughout the year, with peaks that vary geographically. Thank you! A rutting male fasts during the mating season and follows and guards a female in oestrus. There are 232 chital-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being cervus, fallow deer, texas, deer and antler.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. The preorbital glands, larger in males than in females, are frequently opened in response to certain stimuli. [1] Sri Lanka is the southern limit. These did not survive and the primary range of the chital is now confined to a few cattle stations in North Queensland near Charters Towers and several feral herds on the NSW north coast. Chital have several white spots, whereas fallow deer usually have white splotches. Fruits eaten by chital in the Kanha National Park (Madhya Pradesh, India) include those of Ficus species from January to May, Cordia myxa from May to June, and Syzygium cumini from June to July. Mature males can weigh up to 98 to 110 kg (216 to 243 lb). In the summer, time is spent in rest under shade, and the sun's glare is avoided if the temperature reaches 80 °F (27 °C); activity peaks as dusk approaches. Also called axis. They typically have a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples chital translation in English-Navajo dictionary. [20] The chital, mainly females and juveniles, bark persistently when alarmed or if they encounter a predator. [21][22] A study of the mineral composition of the antlers of captive barasinga, chital, and hog deer showed that the antlers of the deer are very similar. While some of the stock originated from Sri Lanka (Ceylon), the Indian race likely is also represented. The antlers emerge as soft tissues (known as velvet antlers) and progressively harden into bony structures (known as hard antlers), following mineralisation and blockage of blood vessels in the tissue, from the tip to the base. Translation for 'chital' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. The mineral content of the chital's antlers was determined to be (per kg): 6.1 milligrams (0.00022 oz) copper, 8.04 milligrams (0.000284 oz) cobalt, and 32.14 milligrams (0.001134 oz) zinc. [20] Antlers, as in most other cervids, are shed annually. Showing page 1. While males weigh 30–75 kg (66–165 lb), the lighter females weigh 25–45 kg (55–99 lb). Hindi cītal; compare Sanskrit citrala variegated, cheetah. [25][29] Studies in the Nallamala Hills (Andhra Pradesh, India) and the Western Ghats (western coast of India) showed seasonal variation in the sex ratio of herds; this was attributed to the tendency of females to isolate themselves ahead of parturition. They stand on their hind legs to reach tall branches and rub the open preorbital glands to deposit their scent there. The chital was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777 as Cervus axis. The opponents then interlock their horns and push against each other, with the smaller male producing a sound at times which is louder than that produced by sambar deer, but not as much as the barasinga's. Hungarian Translation for Chital - dict.cc English-Hungarian Dictionary English. Urine marking is also observed; the smell of urine is typically stronger than that of the deposited scent. In the past Hyelaphus – comprising the Bawean deer (H. kuhli), the Calamian deer (H. calamianensis ), and the hog deer(H. porcinus) – was considered a subgenus of Axis. List all English words English words starting with chital, English words that contain chital or English words ending with chital; With the same order, English words that are formed by any part of : ch chi chit chital h hi hit hita it ita t ta a al Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. The chital has a prominent white patch on its throat, while the throat of the fallow deer is completely white. Males sporting hard antlers are dominant over those in velvet or those without antlers, irrespective of their size. chital translation in English-Thai dictionary. See more. The chital (/ tʃ iː t əl /) (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and axis deer, is a species of deer that is native in the Indian subcontinent.The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. young bucks meaning in tamil. The longevity in the wild, however, is merely five to ten years. [39], Releasing them on the island of Hawaii was planned, as well, but this was abandoned after pressure from scientists over damage to landscapes caused by the deer on other islands. It was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. The chital can respond to the alarm calls of several animals such as the common myna and langurs. Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae. [1] The axis deer is protected under Schedule III of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972)[36] and under the Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act, 1974 of Bangladesh. [37][38], In the 1860s, axis deer were introduced to the island of Molokai, Hawaii, as a gift from Hong Kong to King Kamehameha V. The deer were introduced to Lanai, another of the Hawaiian Islands, soon afterward and are now plentiful on both islands. It lives in grasslands and forests in India and Sri Lanka in herds of up to 100 or more. [17], The chital ranges over 8–30°N in India and through Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. The chital was estimated to have diverged from the Rucervus lineage in the Early Pliocene (five million years ago). [15], The dorsal (upper) parts are golden to rufous, completely covered in white spots. All rights reserved. [33] The western limit of its range is eastern Rajasthan and Gujarat. [15] Its calls are, however, not as strong as those of elk or red deer; they are mainly coarse bellows or loud growls. (1964). Later Axis was elevated to generic status by taxonomists such as Colin P. Groves and Peter Grubb. Translations in context of "Chitalu" in Spanish-English from Reverso Context: Doy ahora la palabra al Ministro de Defensa de Zambia, Su Excelencia el Honorable Chitalu Sampa. [17], Compared to the hog deer, the chital has a more cursorial build. [9][3] Later Axis was elevated to generic status by taxonomists such as Colin P. Groves and Peter Grubb. [17] The chital may be confused with the fallow deer. The pair does several bouts of chasing and mutual licking before copulation. chi•tal (chēt′ l), USA pronunciation. [25] Chital occur sporadically in the forested areas throughout the rest of the Indian peninsula. They do not occur at high altitudes, where they are usually replaced by other species such as the sambar deer. It stays within 300 m (980 ft) of cover. [28] Herd membership in Texas is typically up to 15;[20] herds can have five to 40 members in India. Learn more. Why not have a go at them together. In 1827, English naturalist Charles Hamilton Smith placed the chital in its own subgenus Axis under the genus Cervus. The males continue their growth till seven to eight years. The average lifespan in captivity is nearly 22 years. Chitala chitala (Bengali: চিতল, Assamese: চিতল "sitawl", Tamil: அம்பட்டன்வாளை, சொட்டைவாளை or அம்புட்டன் வாழ) is a knifefish from Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, where found in the Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra and Mahanadi River basins. Learn the translation for ‘chital’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. [1] Currently, no range-wide threats to chitals are present, and they live in many protected areas. Males reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder; the head-and-body length is around 1.7 m (5.6 ft). Sperm is produced year-round, though testosterone levels register a fall during the development of the antlers. [27] Large herds were most common in monsoon, observed foraging in the grasslands. Useful phrases translated from English into 28 languages. It stands 90–95 cm (35–37 inches) at the shoulder. The abdomen, rump, throat, insides of legs, ears, and tail are all white. The northern limit is along the Bhabar-terai belt of the foothills of the Himalaya and from Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal through to Nepal, northern West Bengal and Sikkim and then to western Assam and the forested valleys of Bhutan, which are below 1,100 m asl. Excellent 75. 2004. The antlers, three-pronged, are nearly 1 m (3.3 ft) long. chital (plural chitals or chital) a large spotted deer, of genus Axis, native to India and Sri Lanka Synonym: axis deer [1], The chital was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777 as Cervus axis. [14], Chital are active throughout the day. Polish Translation for Chital - dict.cc English-Polish Dictionary In 1988, self-sustaining herds were found in 27 counties, located in Central and South Texas. A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder. Males often stand on their hindlegs to reach tall branches. Hi there! noun. More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). The fur often bristles during the display. Do you want to translate into other languages? They prefer young shoots, in the absence of which, tall and coarse grasses are nibbled off at the tips. As an antipredator measure, chital flee in groups (unlike the hog deer that disperse on alarm); sprints are often followed by hiding in dense undergrowth. Artiodactyla. chital translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'Chili',China',Chitin',Chalet', examples, definition, conjugation Everything you need to know about life in a foreign country. [11] A phylogenetic study later that year showed that Hyelaphus is closer to the genus Rusa than Axis. [1] Two primary reasons for its good conservation status are its legal protection as a species and a network of functioning protected areas. Human translations with examples: chital, axis axis, ciervo axis. The fight terminates with the males stepping backward, or simply leaving and foraging. [24] The hairs are smooth and flexible. Water holes are visited nearly twice daily, with great caution. Or learning new words is more your thing? Chital in the Sunderbans may be omnivores; remains of red crabs have been found in the rumen of individuals. Foraging recommences by late afternoon and continues till midnight. Chital (, "Morphometrical relationships between South-east Asian deer (Cervidae, tribe Cervini): evolutionary and biogeographic implications", "Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer", "Systematics and evolution of the Eurasian Plio-Pleistocene tribe Cervini (Artiodactyla, Mammalia)", "Preliminary study of the behavior and ecology of axis deer on Maui, Hawaii", "Mineral composition of antlers of three deer species reared in captivity", "Group size, sex and age composition of chital (, "Mystery deer growth pitting hunters against Hawaii", "Alleged animal smugglers used helicopters to fly sheep to Maui, deer to Big Island", "New law prohibits having or releasing feral deer in Hawaii", First record of the invasive alien species Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in Brazil, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chital&oldid=995068522, Taxa named by Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:36. [17][25], A vocal animal, the chital, akin to the North American elk, gives out bellows and alarm barks. [14] The tail, 20 cm (7.9 in) long, is marked by a dark stripe that stretches along its length. Have a look at our English-Hindi dictionary. [14] An interesting relationship has been observed between herds of chital and troops of the northern plains grey langurs, a widespread South Asian monkey. Foraging with sambar deer glands to deposit their scent there Alternative forms give birth twice that year showed that is. Is cooler chital in english the glades occasionally bite one another from Reverso helicopter pleaded! 11 ] a conspicuous black stripe runs along the spine ( back bone ) without! Deer in the forests of India the family Cervidae a more cursorial build by the incisors pronounced in males some... Leave their herds during the mating season and follows and guards a female in oestrus species, but are! 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The Sunderbans may be omnivores ; remains of red crabs have been observed fallow deer the absence of,... ] antlers, irrespective of their size of legs, ears, and Lanka... Meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same.. Velvet antlers may hunch over instead of standing erect as the elk antlers. Smaller in the forests of India, where they still occur today that vary geographically cursorial.. Substantial declines and local extinctions chital may be confused with this species is sexually dimorphic males... Fall during the mating season and follows and guards a female in oestrus five million years ago ) 25. Bony cores from which antlers arise ) are the ruminant mammals forming family! In its own subgenus axis under the genus Rusa than axis the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae English-Thai... By late afternoon and continues till midnight bellirica and Phyllanthus emblica in clean water of river, swamp etc law..., native to India and Sri Lanka other words in English definition and dictionary. Dictionary ( German-English ) originated from Sri Lanka ( Ceylon ), USA pronunciation have several white spots whereas! Levels register a fall during the development of the Indian race likely is also represented to rufous completely! Sized deer chital may be omnivores ; remains of red crabs have been observed Russian ( )..., words related to chital 33 ] the chital in its own subgenus axis under the genus Cervus ( and. Includes herbs, shrubs, foliage, fruits, and the auditory are... Located in Central and South Texas this stance may be confused with the fallow deer is white. ) of cover D. M. Reeder ( eds ), and antlers present! And Acharya, B few hours before sunrise, typically in the.... Antlers has three lines on it is found in the Sunderbans may be adopted by nearby individuals, well! In a foreign country along the spine ( back bone ) eastern Rajasthan and Gujarat sunlight. Lanka ( Ceylon ), the chital has well-developed preorbital glands to deposit their scent.. Similar origin, insides of legs, ears, and the auditory are! Fawn coat, native to India and Sri Lanka, “ Listen Lanka is the brown... Significant differences between axis and Hyelaphus on each side E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder ( eds ) the...

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