It is the brightest open cluster in Scorpius constellation. Scorpius Constellation Map, by IAU and Sky&Telescope magazine. Zeta Scorpii, image: PlanetStar at Wikipedia.org. The Cat’s Paw Nebula (NGC 6334) is a vast region of star formation. G Scorpii is an orange giant with the stellar classification K2 III, approximately 125.8 light years distant. It is visible in moderate-sized amateur telescopes. Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Every star visible in this image is either more highly evolved than, or in a few rare cases more massive than, our own Sun. It is one of the twelve members of the zodiac, depicted as a scorpion.It should be noted that although astrologers still refer to this constellation by its old name, Scorpio, the modern constellations is called Scorpius. The scorpion once had claws, but they were cut off by Julius Ceasar to form the constellation Libra. M7 is approximately 980 light years distant from the solar system. According to the latter one, the constellation was actually a scorpion that did defeat Orion in a battle but the back story is a little different. The star belongs to the spectral class M1.5lab-b and has the radius about 883 times solar. The planet is considered potentially habitable, according to the University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo's Planetary Habitability Laboratory. The star has a class B companion orbiting it every 20 days, and another star in a very eccentric orbit that orbits the primary star every 10 years. The age of the cluster is estimated to be around 200 million years. There are several different stories about Orion's death. The star’s traditional name, Lesath, comes from the Arabic las’a, which means “pass (or bite) of a poisonous animal.” The star is located in the scorpion’s stinger. Kappa Scorpii is a spectroscopic binary star, composed of two stars that cannot be resolved with a telescope. The name Al Niyat (or Alniyat), which the star shares with Tau Scorpii), comes from the Arabic an-niyāţ, which means “the arteries.” The two stars mark the arteries around the scorpion’s heart. Sometimes it is referred to as the 15th brightest star if the two brighter components in the Capella (Alpha Aurigae, located in Auriga constellation) system are counted as one star. The components have visual magnitudes of 5.91, 7.20, and 10.20, and the system is approximately 22.1 light years distant from the Sun. (The last recorded occultation by Venus occurred on September 17, 525 BC.). Scorpius is the 33rd largest in terms of size in the night sky. He boasted that he would kill every animal on earth to Artemis, a Greek god that protected animals. Omega-2 Scorpii is a yellow bright giant star of the spectral type G3II-III. The star is about 18,000 times more luminous than the Sun. Scorpius used to be larger. The secondary component is also much larger than the Sun, has about 12 solar masses, and almost 6 times the solar radius. The constellation Scorpius contains 18 named stars. The distance between them is believed to be only around 15 solar radii. Along with NGC 6397 in the constellation Ara, which is also 7,200 light years away, Messier 4 is the closest globular cluster to our solar system. Scorpius is almost exactly halfway around the Zodiac from the constellation of Orion, so that Scorpius rises around the time Orion sets and vice versa. While it normally has a magnitude of 18, it reaches a magnitude of about 8 during outbursts, which have been observed in 1863, 1906, 1936, 1979, 1987, 1999 and 2010. It is 12 times more massive than the Sun and about 35,070 times more luminous. Space calendar 2020: Rocket launches, sky events, missions & more! Xi Scorpii is another multiple star system in Scorpius. It has two confirmed extrasolar planets in its orbit, and a third planet is a strong possibility. The black circle is the size of the orbit of Mars. As a reward, Gaia placed the scorpion in the sky as a constellation which appears to be constantly chasing after Orion whose figure was also placed among the stars. The planet PSR B1620-26 b is sometimes nicknamed "Methuselah" as it is estimated at roughly 12.7 billion years old. The star has an apparent magnitude of 17.8 and is approximately 15,000 light years distant. The summer sky contains one of the most extraordinarily shaped constellations. (By comparison, the universe is about 13.7 billion years old.) U Scorpii is the fastest known nova and one of the 10 known recurring novae in the Milky Way galaxy. The mythology behind Scorpius was made by the Greeks. It is approximately 700 light years distant from the solar system. It has an apparent magnitude of 2.6. The constellation is easy to find in the sky because it is located near the centre of the Milky Way. Nu Scorpii is another multiple star system in Scorpius, approximately 437 light years distant from Earth. The dimmer subcomponent is yet another spectroscopic binary star with an orbital period of 10.7 days. © Scorpius is a constellation visible in the southern hemisphere and also in the northern hemisphere during the summer! Scorpius Constellation. It has an apparent magnitude of 5.4 and is about 1,611 light years distant from the Sun. The designation Zeta Scorpii is shared by two stars separated by 7 arc minutes. Opposite Orion. It is believed to contain tens of thousands of stars. The Constellation of Scorpius in its IAU boundary Constellations are how we break the sky up so we can find objects . Shaula, also known as Lambda Scorpii, is the second-brightest star in the constellation and the 25th brightest star in the sky, with an apparent magnitude of about 1.63. Its brightest star is Antares, a conspicuous red star that is the scorpion’s heart. Shaula is the second brightest star in Scorpius and the 25th brightest star in the sky. According to one myth, Orion boasted that he would kill every animal on the earth. The cluster lies about 2 degrees east of Mu Scorpii. It is approximately 568 light years distant. According to mythology, Scorpius is the scorpion that the earth goddess Gaia sent to attack and kill the hunter Orion. Orion boasted that he was the greatest hunter in the universe. In astrology, Scorpius (or Scorpio) is the eighth sign of the zodiac, considered as governing the period from about October 24 to about November 21. The central star itself cannot be seen, because it is hidden within a doughnut-shaped ring of dust, which appears as a dark band pinching the nebula in the center. Notably, the same system is also host to two other potentially habitable planets: Gliese 667Ce and Gliese 667Cf, both of which are about 2.7 times the mass of Earth. In total, the Cat’s Paw Nebula could contain several tens of thousands of stars.The nebula appears red because its blue and green light are scattered and absorbed more efficiently by material between the nebula and Earth. Scorpius is one of the constellations of the zodiac and is located in the Southern celestial hemisphere.Its name is Latin for scorpion, and its symbol is (Unicode ♏). It can be occulted by the Moon and very infrequently by Venus. This portrait of NGC 6334 was created from images taken with the Wide Field Imager instrument at the 2.2-metre MPG/ESO telescope at the La Silla Observatory in Chile, combining images taken through blue, green and red filters, as well as a special filter designed to let through the light of glowing hydrogen. The region is also home to many baby stars that are buried deep in the dust, making them difficult to study. The Butterfly Cluster (Messier 6), image: Ole Nielsen. This book on the Constellation Scorpius describes the constellation, tells of the origin of the myth, retells stories of Scorpius, and discusses the constellation in other cultures Includes bibliographical references (page 31) and index Meaning: The Scorpion Best seen in: July Family: Zodiac Latitude: +40° to -90° Scorpius or The Scorpion is one of the 88 constellations modern astronomers have divided the sky into. The last eruption was observed in 2010 and the next one is expected to occur in the year 2020. It is a vast star-forming region and one of the most active stellar nurseries containing some of the most massive stars known in the Milky Way. According to it when Orion threatened to assume the form of a beast and kill off every being on the planet then the god of hunting Artemis sent the scorpion to slay Orion. NGC 6072 is a nebula about 1.2’ in size. Mu Scorpii is a designation shared by two star systems separated by 0.1° in the sky. Scorpius is a southern constellation which appears highest in the evening sky in the months around May. It is one of the most structurally complex nebulae known. Zeta-2 Scorpii is an orange giant with the stellar classification K4III. It is roughly 25 light years in diameter. The name Antares comes from the ancient Greek Άντάρης, which has been translated as “anti-Ares,” “rival of Mars,” or “like Mars,” referring to the similarity of the star’s red hue to that of the planet Mars. It was created when a medium-sized star ran out of fuel and shed its outer envelope into space. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.24 and is 171.93 light years distant. The Butterfly Nebula is a bipolar planetary nebula in Scorpius. Sometimes the star is also known as Iclarcrau or Iclarkrav. Symbolism: Scorpius is also known as ‘The Scorpion’ History & Mythology With a distinctive hook shape, Scorpius is a prominent constellation at the south if the celestial equator that is home to a … Astronomers have confirmed it too is made up of two stars, and there could be a third one given that the star system is producing more X-rays than expected. The nebula conceals freshly minted brilliant blue stars — each nearly ten times the mass of our Sun and born in the last few million years. Scorpio is the eighth astrological sign in the Zodiac, originating from the constellation of Scorpius.There are several myths which are often associated with Scorpio. This is a comparison between the red supergiant Antares and the Sun, shown as the tiny dot toward the upper right. Antares B has the stellar classification B2.5 and an apparent magnitude of 5.5. Antares is an unmistakable, brilliant red supergiant star at the heart of the scorpion. Scorpius clearly resembles a scorpion, particularly the curving line of stars that form its tail with its sting raised to strike. The star used to be known as Gamma Telescopii. The Butterfly Cluster has an apparent magnitude of 4.2 and is approximately 1,600 light years distant from the Sun. The nebula was discovered by the English astronomer John Herschel in 1837. A nova, Nova 1860 AD, was observed in the cluster on April 21, 1860 by the German astronomer Arthur Auwers. IAU, Sky & Telescope. The star is a member of the open cluster NGC 6231. Antares marks the heart of the scorpion, which is also its alternative name. Scorpius is also home to four deep space object that were among the first to be catalogued by Charles Messier: M4 (NGC6121); M6 (NGC6405), also called the Butterfly Cluster; M7 (NGC6475); and M80 (NGC6093). The central star, a white dwarf, has a surface temperature in excess of 200,000 K, which makes it one of the hottest stars in the galaxy. It is believed to be a luminous blue variable (LBV), and has an absolute magnitude of -10.9 (1.8 million solar units). Orion was a skilled hunter. M4 is easy to find in the sky, as it lies 1.3 degrees west of Antares. The scorpion of Greek mythology featured two enormous claws. Tau Scorpii is a hydrogen fusing dwarf star with a strong, complex magnetic field. The star’s traditional name, Sargas, is of Sumerian origin. The bright star, Antares, is the scorpion’s heart. Located about 28,000 light-years from Earth, M80 contains hundreds of thousands of stars, all held together by their mutual gravitational attraction. The Earth's Sun passes in front of Scorpius from about November 23 through November 29. HD 159868 is a yellow dwarf with the stellar classification G5V. NGC 6281 is an open star cluster. In September 2003, astrobiologist Margaret Turnbull identified the star as one of the most promising nearby candidates for hosting life, but no planets have been discovered yet orbiting the star. It is one of the most luminous stars known, with an estimated bolometric luminosity almost a million times that of the Sun. M80 is about 95 light years in diameter and contains hundreds of thousands of stars. New York, A nova is a cataclysmic nuclear explosion in a white dwarf star that occurs as a result of accretion of hydrogen on the star’s surface. At a separation of 20 seconds of arc, a class B9 dwarf with a visual magnitude of 8.7 is also orbiting the main pair. In northernmost Scorpius were two constellations associated with the celestial market in and around Ophiuchus. Wray 17-96 is also one of the most luminous stars known. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.1. The cluster lies halfway between the stars Antares and Acrab. The ancient Greeks considered the Libra constellation to be the claws of the scorpion. It is also one of the constellations our species has known about the longest - and it is easier to find than other constellations. The star names approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are Acrab, Alniyat, Antares, Dìwö, Dschubba, Fang, Fuyue, Iklil, Jabbah, Larawag, Lesath, Paikauhale, Pipirima, Rapeto, Sargas, Sharjah, Shaula, and Xamidimura. Ptolemy Cluster – Messier 7 (M7, NGC 6475). It is one of the twelve members of the zodiac, depicted as a scorpion.It should be noted that although astrologers still refer to this constellation by its old name, Scorpio, the modern constellations is called Scorpius. The primary component in the system is classified as a Beta Cephei type variable, which is to say it is a star that exhibits variations in brightness as a result of pulsations of its surface. Omega-1 Scorpii is a blue-white dwarf belonging to the spectral class B1V. 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