Commercial viability for production forests and protection for permanent forests should be thought through before planting. It helps not to be allergic to maths when grappling with the idea of New Zealand planting 1 billion trees in the next 10 years. In short, while pine forests may mop up carbon, they may lead to an increase in methane, a far more potent greenhouse gas. The scandal of calling plantations ‘forest restoration’ is putting climate targets at risk, How afforestation affects the water cycle in drylands: A process‐based comparative analysis, report on IPCC recommendations to eating less meat, One billion tree plan flawed, says climate scientist, The unpopular tree sucking carbon from our air, Ecosystem services in New Zealand’s indigenous tussock grassland: conditions and trends, Forest cutting and impacts on carbon in the eastern United States, Vegetation successions associated with wilding conifer management. Many species of conifers have self-seeded on prime agricultural lands and displaced globally rare ecosystem including tussock grasslands that, combined with associated wetlands and peatlands, can sequester higher levels of eCO2 than these conifers. This is because there are complex fiscal, accounting, and design implications in terms of the location, scale, and purposes of tree planting, and the uncertain future of carbon prices under the Emissions Trading Scheme. The question is how are these going to be delivered? At the same time right across New Zealand, native forests, grasslands, and wetlands continue to be ‘under attack’ with offenders facing little consequences. The GWP of nitrous oxide (N2O) over the same time period is 298, written as 298CO2-e. New Zealand is getting closer to finalizing their plan to plant 1 billion trees, according to Stuff. Over 100 years, the GWP of methane (CH4) is 25 times that of CO2, so it’s written as 25CO2-e. But as the climate changes, alpine-fed rivers are likely to flood more frequently. An ambitious plan to plant one billion trees has got another $240 million from the Government - taking its cost close to half a billion dollars over the next three years. From seeds to success. New Zealand Government Announces Plan to Plant 1 Billion Trees, Get to Zero Emissions The government of New Zealand has just unveiled an ambitious set … There are also serious and urgent questions about the financial viability of planting some exotic tree species that may not survive predicted changes to New Zealand’s climate over the coming decades (Figs. The Government is trying to figure out its settings. Learn more about the government's 1BT (one billion trees) initiative and forestry establishment grants. Project to improve water quality of Waimea Inlet tributaries, increase saltmarsh habitat, and undertake ongoing weed control to help protect significant migratory bird species. While the title is inspirational, the ‘billion trees’ number is misleading as it includes replacing existing commercial exotic forestry, 50% of which is due to be harvested and in need of replanting just to maintain existing commercial forestry levels. A forestry company with close links to New Zealand First planned to apply for nearly $100 million under the One Billion Trees programme, which is overseen by the Forestry Minister Shane Jones. Extension of project to plant 70,000 trees and fence along the Waimea Inlet. In one area, fallen power lines started a fire. Plenty, if you farm in rural New Zealand. The value of harvested forestry also is uncertain, given the Bonn Challenge to restore 350 million hectares globally by 2030 will likely result in a global oversupply of plantation forest products in coming decades. 5). Forestry officials working on the One Billion Trees plan ordered more than one million pine seedlings for a block of land so choked with scrub and weeds the planting couldn't go ahead. Wood products are often regarded as ‘carbon neutral’. maintain existing commercial forestry levels. There is an increasing risk of wildfires, particularly from pine and eucalypt forests that contain volatile flammable compounds. The benefits of restoring native biodiversity and the critical life-supporting ecosystem services they provide is well understood. University of Canterbury forestry lecturer Dr Euan Mason estimates that because natives are too slow growing, to meet this accounting commitment and limit the impacts of climate change, we need to plant 5 billion of these fast growing radiata pines (Fig. Get the details of Crown Forestry commercial joint ventures [PDF, 140 KB]. Crown Forestry is also helping to achieve the one billion trees goal through commercial joint ventures with landowners to plant commercial radiata pine on their properties. Indeed, claiming that plantation forestry is ‘forest restoration’ is actually putting the climate at risk (Fig. It would also sequester around 465 gigatonnes of CO2—almost half of the total atmospheric CO2 increase since the Industrial Revolution.” – Strassburg et al, 2020. Funding via other grants for projects such as wetland restoration, advice on landscape scale plantings and pest control/eradication under the Predator Free 2050 goal, and rates and tax offsets for some voluntary activities (ie, not legally required of the landowner under existing environmental regulations) also is available. This funding will provide jobs in communities for the $1.3 billion Jobs for Nature programme. The sea of pines that is going to be needed to balance the NZ carbon budget’, Stuff 2019, Funding to plant trees is available for landowners, organisations, and community group. There are two elements of the scheme: individual grants to plant trees, and partnership grants to people or entities who are focused on enabling trees to be […] The One Billion Trees fund is set to recieve a further $10 million from the Government to help support larger scale planting projects and in turn produce more jobs. We want to make sure tree planting is well planned and considers the long-term maintenance and end-use of the trees. While we can’t undo many of the changes now underway, we can reduce the impacts and adapt to what’s coming, by: “Restoring a third of the areas most degraded by humans and preserving remaining natural ecosystems would prevent 70% of projected extinctions of mammals, birds and amphibians. New Zealand is getting closer to finalizing their plan to plant 1 billion trees, according to Stuff. NZ First's Shane Jones promoting his One Billion Trees initiative. 2019 Summary of Emission Factors, One Billion Trees Fund Report on Policy and Design Recommendations, Cabinet Report One Billion Trees Programme, New Zealand Government Submission under the Paris Agreement: New Zealand’s Nationally Determined Contribution, Reference Manual on Accounting of Emissions and Assigned Amount. The One Billion Trees Programme is a partnership with farmers to help them extract value from their land while contributing to the economy and ecology of New Zealand. This is called their global warming potential (GWP). The goal is to double the current planting rate to reach one billion trees planted by 2028. One Billion Trees - Update The government has announced a boost to it's One Billion Trees programme. This includes: Some greenhouse gasses are many times more powerful than others when it comes to warming the atmosphere. And at what sacrifice?” –  ‘The sea of pines that is going to be needed to balance the NZ carbon budget’, Stuff 2019. The volatile compounds produced by pine forests (which give them their distinctive smell and make them highly flammable) remove chemicals that help break down atmospheric methane. The Government is trying to figure out its settings. of forestry will be needed by 2050 plus an additional 2.8million ha. The IPCC recommendations to eat less meet and the 2025 government-imposed deadline for NZ agriculture to enter the ETS (albeit with a 95% discount) is placing pressure on the rural sector to reduce emissions. Native forests can never be harvested and sold as a sustainable forestry crop, which means the land must be permanently retired from some other potentially productive use by future generations. The One Billion Trees Programme isn't just about numbers. Investment: $1.1 million. Lewis & Wheeler open access article on the above. 5: The rush to plant exotic trees is particularly prevalent in the South Island (Image: Stuff). Although we are Banks Peninsula focussed, we are aware of the same issues around the country.” –  Submission to the Parliamentary Select Committee hearings for the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading Scheme) Bill, February 2020. There are two elements of the scheme: individual grants to plant trees, and partnership grants to people or entities who are focused on enabling trees to be […] “Natural regeneration is occurring on Banks Peninsula on a massive scale, but because it is not financially incentivised we increasingly see large areas destroyed by aerial spraying as landowners perceive native vegetation or its nurse canopy as an invasive weed affecting income rather than carbon sequestration with potential to earn income. Although, planting trees is a good start to battling climate change, unfortunately, it is not enough. According to the report, the project worth Rs14 billion was completed in Rs19 billion in six years instead of decided four years. One billion trees programme. Over the next decade, Australia will need a billion new trees in forestry plantations to meet our future needs for wood and fibre. One billion trees by 2028. Following President Trump’s comment surrounding the “billion tree project,” many wonder if the U.S. has undertaken the project. The government allocated an additional $240 million to the project, bringing its total budget to $485 million over the next three years. Jobs: 14. That’s just 30 years from now, less than the lifetime of plantation of exotic radiata pines. – Jabr, The Social Life of Forests, 2020. Most were felled and sold for firewood, with stumps bulldozed and burned, releasing the carbon back into the atmosphere (Image: Whitelaw). PESHAWAR (Dunya News) – The Department of Auditor General of Pakistan on Monday has released a report, exposing irregularities worth millions of rupees in Billion Trees Afforestation project. I’m happy 1 billion trees aren’t being planted because in all probability they’d be pines on hilly land. New growth of native forests spread out  from around these solo mature radiata, and in places where  high winds have felled them, they often serve as protective nursery areas for native samplings to take hold. New Zealand is committed to achieving net zero emissions by 2050. Soils are often overlooked when it comes to storing carbon, but in fact soils the Earth’s soils contain about three times the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and four times the amount stored in all living plants and animals. No detailed budget analysis has ever been undertaken as to the viability of the OBT. Shane Jones’ one billion trees planting project is not ambitious enough, says the Productivity Commission. An ambitious plan to plant one billion trees has got another $240 million from the Government - … The new government want to plant 100 million trees over 10 years to support achieving our climate change commitments. Natives must be eco-sourced and are in short supply, they have low survival rates due to introduced pest species so they must be fenced and a permanent pest management plan must be in place, and technical advice is under-resourced. There's $240 million in funding available from the One Billion Trees Fund for landowners, organisations, and community groups to plant trees and improve the way we grow and plant trees. Farms, forests and fossil fuels: The next great landscape transformation? 2nd causes more topsoil lost. support economic growth such as high-value exotic and native plantations. The One Billion Trees Programme will support recovery from the economic impacts of COVID-19. munched on by insects and exposed to microbial bugs in the soil, invading species released 2.5 times the carbon dioxide from the soil into the atmosphere, compared to natives. So one billion trees really means around 500,0000 trees. Pakistan intends to plant 10 billion trees, and India has also shown interest in the project. 6: According to Professor Euan Mason, New Zealand needs to sequester 1.4b tonnes of carbon (the area under blue line) but the One Billion Trees project – including the 500 million trees already allocated to replace existing foresty – will supply just 20% of that (red line). These compounds become more concentrated as the climate grows warmer and dryer, making the trees even more flammable. At that rate, not including the added impact of planting five times as many conifers needed to balance New Zealand’s carbon budget, 20% of NZ will be covered in wilding pines, while  the original forestry block owners that planted them are not liable for their costs . Fig. For a start, trees require land. Most of the damaged trees were immature or so entangeled that the cost of harvesting them far exceeded their commercial value. For this reason, CO2 is used as a benchmark against which the GWP of all other gasses are measured. The abrupt felling of so many trees also harms and evicts countless species of birds, mammals, reptiles and insects. For the One Billion Trees project to successfully increase the number of native trees in New Zealand over the next 10 years, maintenance will need to be undertaken for several years until the native trees are tall enough to choke the sunlight from the weeds on the ground. It also supports Māori to realise the potential of their land,” Shane Jones said. When a few individual radiata pines are left following plantation harvesting, they attract birds that carry and in turn drop seeds of native species. Under the ETS, owners of wilding conifer stands that meet the criteria of a post-1989 forest can register for carbon credits without any obligation to manage the spread of wildings. This benchmark is called the carbon dioxide equivalent or CDE. Our aim is to plant one billion trees by 2028. Equally, most of the carbon stored in those wood products, whether it’s paper or houses or furniture, eventually ends up burned or rotting in land fills, releasing the carbon back into the atmosphere instead of permanently locking it away. The right seed, that is. Partnership Funding from the One Billion Trees Fund, Matariki Tu Rākau – community funding for memorial tree planting. Fig. The One Billion Trees project is run by Uru Rākau, a business unit within the Ministry for Primary Industries. by 2075 just to maintain NZ at net zero. New Zealand is getting closer to finalizing a plan to plant 1 billion trees, according to Stuff. 3 & 4). The programme is funded by the Provincial Growth Fund (PGF) which aims to realise the remarkable potential of the regions of Aotearoa New Zealand. The other 50% is intended to be a mix of new plantation forestry and native trees. The focus is on making it easier to plant the right tree, in … Eventually, most if this carbon permanently store it underground as leaf matter and dead trees accumulate and are converted to soil. One key reason for planting trees is to reduce the impacts of floods and soil erosion. We also want the trees planted to be suitable for the site and their intended use. Fig. When sediment falls into nearby rivers and streams, it can kill fish and other aquatic creatures and pollute sources of drinking water. Plenty, if you farm in rural New Zealand. Waimea Inlet Billion Trees Project – Phase 2. NZ First's Shane Jones promoting his One Billion Trees initiative. This means that landowners wanting to convert unproductive farmland to forestry, can apply for round $4000/ha for natives versus $1500/ ha for exotics, in order to maximise biodiversity goals and/or provide high-value ecosystem services. The one billion figure that gives the programme its catchy name was reached by counting another half a billion plantation pine trees in existing pine forests. 500 million of these trees have already been planned to be planted by the forestry industry , mostly replacing pine trees they are going to harvest over the next ten years. supporting tourism and infrastructure development. The government allocated an additional $240 million to the project, bringing its total budget to $485 million over the next three years. New Zealand is getting closer to finalizing a plan to plant 1 billion trees, according to Stuff. “We submit that this is utterly counterproductive to the goals of the Climate Change Response Act. But in reality, planting and maintaining natives is 10-20 times more expensive than planting exotic forestry. Over the past 2 decades the trend has been to remove trees and convert farms and native ecosystems into intensive, industrial scale dairy farms requiring investment irrigation, which has led to a (still ongoing) rapid decline in waterways and destruction of wetlands. The difference in carbon release was thought to stem from the introduced plants’ ‘higher-quality and quantity’ leaves. The New Zealand Government aims to scale-up afforestation to the level where one billion trees are planted over 10 years. In spite of objections and concerns from multiple sectors, the agri-industry is promoting OBT as an opportunity for sheep, beef and dairy farmers to integrate forestry (native and exotic) into their business, provided they do their homework and get the correct advice. The one billion figure that gives the programme its catchy name was reached by counting another half a billion plantation pine trees in existing pine forests. “…munched on by insects and exposed to microbial bugs in the soil, invading species released 2.5 times the carbon dioxide from the soil into the atmosphere, compared to natives. PESHAWAR (Dunya News) – The Department of Auditor General of Pakistan on Monday has released a report, exposing irregularities worth millions of rupees in Billion Trees Afforestation project. The One Billion Trees project (OBT), run by Te Uru Rākau, a business unit within the Ministry for Primary Industries, aims to achieve this by storing carbon in trees…but is the impetus to plant exotic forestry putting the climate at risk? One of these services is to draw down carbon from the atmosphere. Clearcutting removes these living sponges and disturbs the forest floor, increasing the chances of landslides and floods, stripping the soil of nutrients and potentially releasing stored carbon to the atmosphere. The government allocated an additional $240 million to the project, bringing its total budget to $485 million over the next three years. Northland has roughly 5.1% of New Zealand's land area, so that equates to about 5.1 million trees for Northland per year. 2). We want to see trees integrated into the landscape to complement and diversify our existing land uses, rather than see large-scale land conversion to forestry. Its recent report on climate change says this won’t get New Zealand to carbon neutrality by 2050 – and the Forest Owners Association agrees. 1.5 Million Trees Mayor Goff has committed to planting a further 1.5 million native trees during his second term (2019-2022). The soils of pine forests that have replaced native hardwoods in Germany do not sequester nearly as much methane as native forests. If you have any concerns or questions about tree species being planted under the One Billion Trees programme please email us at 1BT@mpi.govt.nz. As Charlie Mitchell points out in this interactive article, the question of planting natives versus exotics is a ‘rabbit vs hare’ problem. 4: Lyn Rombouts among the masses of tree waste or ‘slash’ that washed down onto her Motueka property after heavy rain in February 2018. Pine forests leading to an increase in atmospheric methane? Climate change risks: wind, higher temperatures, drought. ‘These were more palatable to insect herbivores, and sped up rates of decomposition by soil microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi,’ she said.” – Stuff, 2020. $120 million has been allocated through the One Billion Trees Fund for direct grants to landowners – particularly farmers because the land size requirement to receive money for planting trees … New Zealand has an unenviable history of planting conifer forests in unsuitable and/or inaccessible terrain subject to excessive erosion (see Fig. I’ve seen the damage 1-2-3 generation of pines do. 1). In places like Canterbury and Southland, planting exotics is vastly outnumbering native species (Fig. methane, a far more potent greenhouse gas, do not sequester nearly as much methane as native forests, 5 billion of these fast growing radiata pines, Modelling by the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment, without any obligation to manage the spread of wildings, the original forestry block owners that planted them are not liable for their costs, serve as protective nursery areas for native samplings to take hold, he 2025 government-imposed deadline for NZ agriculture to enter the ETS, Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Act, 2019 Measuring Emissions: A Guide for Organisations, 2019 Measuring Emissions: A Guide for Organisations. Their hope is that by planting a Billion trees they can deliver improved social, environmental, and economic outcomes for New Zealand. The Forestry Minister, Shane Jones, says the scheme, which is designed to create sustainable jobs and address climate change, is to get an extra $240 million. Jobs for Nature: Funding for large-scale planting – MfE, One Billion Trees Fund: 18 month monitoring and evaluation report [PDF, 748 KB], One Billion Trees Fund: 12 month monitoring and evaluation report [PDF, 2.1 MB], One Billion Trees Fund: Six month monitoring and evaluation report [PDF, 627 KB], One Billion Trees Fund: Report on policy and design recommendations [PDF, 825 KB], One Billion Trees Programme: Cabinet paper [PDF, 5.4 MB], You must enable JavaScript to submit this form, New Zealand forests and the forest industry, National Environmental Standards for Plantation Forestry, Progress towards planting one billion trees, Science and the One Billion Trees Programme, Erosion Control Funding Programme (ECFP) for the Gisborne district, Funding for forestry research and innovation, Hill Country Erosion Programme for councils, Building the forestry and wood processing workforce, How funding and grants will help us reach goals, Get the details of Crown Forestry commercial joint ventures, One Billion Trees Fund: 18 month monitoring and evaluation report, One Billion Trees Fund: 12 month monitoring and evaluation report, One Billion Trees Fund: Six month monitoring and evaluation report, One Billion Trees Fund: Report on policy and design recommendations, One Billion Trees Programme: Cabinet paper, protecting and improving our soil, water quality, and other natural resources, helping New Zealand meet its international climate change commitments, increasing biodiversity and enhancing natural landscapes, providing opportunities for Māori to maximise the potential of their land and resources, providing employment and training opportunities, building sustainable regional economic growth. We want to encourage both permanent and plantation forests made up of exotic and native tree species. “Our past climate inaction means New Zealand now needs a rather extreme number of trees in a very great hurry. Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment: 2020: Banks Peninsular Native Forest/Climate Change Group. We also want to make sure plantings take local social, environmental, cultural, and economic priorities into account. Currently, around 45% (12.1 million ha.) We want to see trees integrated into the landscape to complement and diversify our existing land uses, rather than see large-scale land conversion to forestry. As Minister of Forestry and Minister of Regional Economic Development, Hon. According to the report, the project worth Rs14 billion was completed in Rs19 billion in six years instead of decided four years. The one billion trees fund supports increased planting by promoting innovation, research, and workforce initiatives. The One Billion Trees (1BT) programme was launched in early 2018 by the newly-established Te Uru Rākau/Forestry New Zealand with the goal of planting one billion trees by 2028. These costs include the heavy machinery cost of harvesting, shipping costs—mostly to China—and converting wood into products, which are then transported around the globe. “The wider One Billion Trees goal to plant at least one billion trees by 2028 is an ambitious one, but is a commitment from the Government to drive regional revitalisation and deliver benefits to our people and our environment. Under the Paris Agreement and New Zealand law, we must reduce net carbon emissions 30% by 2030 and 100% by 2050. The Million Trees project has been an enormous effort from many people and organisations, and it would not have been possible without the support of our key partners. The goal is to double the current planting rate to reach one billion trees planted by 2028. The One Billion Trees Programme Team Te Uru Rākau – … Photo: RNZ / Claire Eastham-Farrelly Yet there are many saying it is still in denial of the facts. The New Zealand Government has set a goal to plant one billion trees by 2028. Why, what, and how we'll plant a billion trees by 2028. Shane Jones has committed New Zealand to planting a billion trees between 2018 and 2027. Further, they’re exacerbating fire risks at a time when vastly more resources are needed to combat the growing number and intensity of forest fires each year. In the South Island, the rush is to plant exotic species (Fig. In reality the true life-cycle carbon cost is ignored because it’s virtually impossible to calculate. Climate change risks: floods and soil erosion. “In a thriving forest, a lush understory captures huge amounts of rainwater, and dense root networks enrich and stabilize the soil. New Zealand is getting closer to finalizing a plan to plant 1 billion trees, according to Stuff. Do you own bare land suitable for forestry? These trees also remove water from catchments already depleted by intensive agricultural practices, and they destroy the hydrology of rivers, leading to floods and erosion. Some greenhouse gasses stay in the atmosphere longer than others, so time is also included in the equation. Technological advances are unlocking an array of new and exciting uses of materials derived from trees, such as: 1. engineered wood products 2. the construction of high-rise buil… The New Zealand Government has developed the One Billion Trees Programme to increase current rates of tree planting to reach at least one billion trees over the next decade. 4). And it’s the fear that farmland will be turned into pine forest that has some worried about the government’s ambitious target of getting a billion trees in the ground by 2028. The Native Trees of New Zealand, John T. Salmon 1980. 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